Saturday, 24 November 2012

Tirupati Balaji Temple in Tirupati Andhra Pradesh

Here is Some Information about Tirupati Balaji Temple in Andhra Pradesh India.


Location : Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh
Dedicated to: Sri Venkateswara
Built in : 500 A.D
Coordinates : 21°21'59"N 70°20'28"E
Nearby cities: Junagadh, dhoraji
Famous as :World's Richest Temple
Significance : Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam

Tirupati is situated at 67-km from Chittoor in the state of Andhra Pradesh,India. Tirupati is one of the important pilgrim centres in India. The ancient and sacred temple of Sri Venkateswara is located on the seventh peak,Venkatachala (Venkata Hill) of the Tirupati Hill. This historic shrine of Sri Venkateswara is famous all over the country and attracts pilgrims from all over the country who stand in line for hours together to obtain a glimpse of the presiding deity for a few fleeting seconds.
The shrine is located on a hill at Tirumala,a cluster of seven hills known as Seshachalam or Venkatachalam with an elevation of 853m (2,800ft.) above the sea level. It is said to be the richest temple in the world. This temple is a vibrant cultural and philanthropic institution with a grand history spanning several centuries.
All the great dynasties of rulers of the southern peninsula paid homage to Lord Sri Venkateswara in this ancient shrine. The Pallavas of Kancheepuram (9th century AD),the Cholas of Thanjavur (a century later),the Pandyas of Madurai,and the kings and chieftains of Vijayanagar (14th - 15th century AD) were devotees of the Lord.
Tirupathi is a fine example of dravidian temple architecture. The 'gopuram' or tower of the Tirupati Temple shows a characteristic feature of Dravidian architecture. The 'Vimana' or Cupola over the sanctum sanctorum is covered entirely with gold plate and is known as "the Ananda Nilayam". The Shrine consists of three 'Prakarams' or enclosures. The outermost enclosure contains the 'Dhvajastambha' or the banner post and,among others,the statues of Vijayanagara king Krishnadevaraya and his consorts,and of Todarmal,the minister of Akbar.
The idol of the deity,the full figure of Lord Venkateswara or 'Venkataramana' or 'Srinivasa' or 'Balaji' has the attributes of both Vishnu and Shiva,preserving and destroying aspects of the Hindu Trinity.

Tirupati Temple History

There is ample literary and epigraphic testimony to the antiquity of the temple of Lord Sri Venkateswara.All the great dynasties of rulers of the southern peninsula have paid homage to Lord Sri Venkateswara in this ancient shrine. The Pallavas of Kancheepuram (9th century AD), the Cholas of Thanjavur (a century later), the Pandyas of Madurai, and the kings and chieftains of Vijayanagar (14th - 15th century AD) were devotees of the Lord and they competed with one another in endowing the temple with rich offerings and contributions. It was during the rule of the Vijayanagar dynasty that the contributions to the temple increased. Sri Krishnadevaraya had statues of himself and his consorts installed at the portals of the temple, and these statues can be seen to this day. There is also a statue of Venkatapati Raya in the main temple.

After the decline of the Vijayanagar dynasty, nobles and chieftains from all parts of the country continued to pay their homage and offer gifts to the temple. The Maratha general, Raghoji Bhonsle, visited the temple and set up a permanent endowment for the conduct of worship in the temple. He also presented valuable jewels to the Lord, including a large emerald which is still preserved in a box named after the General. Among the later rulers who have endowed large amounts are the rulers of Mysore and Gadwal.

After the fall of the Hindu kingdoms, the Muslim rulers of Karnataka and then the Britishers took over, and many of the temples came under their supervisory and protective control.

In 1843 AD, the East India Company divested itself of the direct management of non-Christian places of worship and native religious institutions. The administration of the shrine of Sri Venkateswara and a number of estates were then entrusted to Sri Seva Dossji of the Hatiramji Mutt at Tirumala, and the temple remained under the administration of the Mahants for nearly a century, till 1933 AD.

In 1933, the Madras Legislature passed a special act, which empowered the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams(TTD) Committee to control and administer a fixed group of temples in the Tirumala-Tirupati area, through a Commissioner appointed by the Government of Madras.

In 1951, the Act of 1933 was replaced by an enactment whereby the administration of TTDC was entrusted to a Board of Trustees, and an Executive Officer was appointed by the Government . The provisions of the Act of 1951 were retained by Charitable and Religious Endowments Act, 1966.

Tirupati Temple Architecture

There are number of small shrines inside the premises apart from the main sanctum sanctorum. The entire temple is constructed in Dravidian style. There are three enclosures which are called 'Prakarams' and a dome on the main shrine called as ''Vimana'. Other main attraction of the temple are the statues of Vijayanagara King Krishnadevaraya and his spouse. The idol of the deity, the full figure of Lord Venkateswara or 'Venkataramana' or 'Srinivasa' or 'Balaji' has the attributes of both Vishnu and Shiva, preserving and destroying aspects of the Hindu Trinity.

The Daily Rituals

It is estimated that every day around 60000 pilgrims visit the temple everyday and on any special day, the number easily touches 200000 mark. People have to wait in long queues to get a view of the deity completely ornamented from tip to toe. Devotees have to take a dip in the Pushkarini tank, the waters of which are considered sacred and highly praised in the Puranas before entering the temple. The day starts with the suprabhata darshanam as early as 3 AM and ends with the ekanta seva around 1 AM when the Lord is put to bed in a velvet mattress spread over a swing cot suspended by gold chains.

Festivals at Tirupati

The annual festival, Brahmotsavam is celebrated with great pomp and festivity for nine days in the months of September. The festival attracts pilgrims from all parts of India and abroad. The fifth and the ninth day holds the Garudostavam and the Rathotavam festivals respectively.


How to Reach Tirupati Temple

By Road : Tirupati temple can be reached from Tirupati by bus services. It is linked with important cities like Hyderabad, Banglore,Chennai,, Vijayawada,and Lepakshi through good roadways.

By Rail : Tirupati temple is well connected by roads and proper transport services to the nearest railway station situated at Tirupati. It is connected with Hubbi, Hyderabad, Chennai, Kolhapur etc.

 By Air : The nearest airport is at Renigunta 15 km from the temple. Tirupati is connected by air with Hyderabad, Chennai and Bangalore.

Picture Gallery of Tirupati Temple











Temple Darshan




Google Map For Tirupati Balaji Temple


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2 comments:

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